Trip Facts

  • Trip Duration : 17 Days
  • Start - End : Kathmandu - Kathmandu
  • Highest Altitude : 3700 m
  • Difficulty : Moderate to Strenous
  • Season : Mar-May, Sep-Nov
  • Activity : Trekking
  • Trip Grade : 5


Tsum Valley Trek

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Tsum comes from the Tibetan word 'Tsombo', which means vivid. Traditionally Tsum valley was a culturally distinct geographical area called 'Tsum Tso Chucksums' which means thirteen provinces arise from a 1905m at Lokpa to over 5093m at Ngula Dhojhyang Pass on the Tibetan border. The valley occupies an area of about 1663 Km sqr.

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Situated in northern Gorkha close to Tibet border, Tsum valley is a sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley. Tsum literally means vivid and the valley is rich in ancient art, culture and religion and situated against the back drop of majestic Ganesh himal, Sringi and Boudha Ranges. The valley offers some of the ancient and historic monasteries; Mu Gumba and Rachen Gumba are the most popular one in the area. The Tsum valley has long history of Buddhism and locals are mostly origin of Tibetan. It is believed that Buddhist saint Milarewa meditated in the caves of these mountains valley.

The valley is equally rich in wildlife including Himalayan Thar and Blue sheep. Due to its remoteness the valley has still remained intact from development and visit to one of the most beautiful valley of Nepal will definitely provides you a life time experience. 

Day 01 : Drive to Arughat (Approx:525m) 
Day 02 : Trek to Soti khola (Approx:700m) 
Day 03 : Trek to Machhakhola (Approx:890m)
Day 04 : Trek to Jagat (Approx:1410m)
Day 05 : Trek to Philim (Approx:1519m)
Day 06 : Philim- Chumling (Approx:2363m)
Day 07 : Chumling- Chhokang paro (Approx:3010m)
Day 08 : Chhokang paro- Nile (Approx:3361m)
Day 09 : Nile- Mu Gompa (Approx:3700m)
Day 10 : Explore the surrounding 
Day 11 : Mu Gompa- Rechen Gompa  (Approx:3240m)
Day 12 : Rechen Gompa- Chumling  (Approx:2363m)
Day 13 : Chumling- Philim  (Approx:1519m)
Day 14 : Philim- Tatopani (Approx:990m)
Day 15 : Tatopani- Soti Khola (Approx:880m)
Day 16 : Soti Khola- Arughat  (Approx:525m)
Day 17 : Arughat drive to Kathmandu  (Approx:1350m)

 

Day 01 : Drive to Arughat (525m) 7 hrs
We start the journey with 7 hours bus drive to Arughat from Kathmandu. We pass by some beautiful landscapes, rivers and river valleys. Overnight stay in a local tea house
Height: 525m
Driving time: 7 hrs
Overnight: Teahouse
 
Day 02 : Trek to Soti khola (700m) 5 hrs 
The first day of the trekking leads us to Soti khola (700m). It takes about 5 hours from Arughat following the jeep track through lots of small villages and fields
Trekking time: 7 hrs
Height: 880m
Overnight: Teahouse
 
Day 03 : Trek to Machhakhola (890m) 6 hrs
The first part of the day begins with uphill walk through deep forest then we will encounter several ascends and descends and then we will climb the paddies just prior to the beautiful Gurung village. Away from the valley, the trail goes down onto the banks of river to the village of Machhakhola (Fish River) just above the river which offers the good views of Ganesh Himal (7,000m). Overnight stay in a local tea house
Trekking time: 6 hrs
Height: 890m
Overnight: Teahouse
 
Day 04 : Trek to Jagat (1410m)- 6-7hrs
Following the forest path which is small and segmented, we arrive at tatopani (meaning hot water),  you pass by the natural hot water and reach to Dobhan. It is an advantage to experience the rapids of Budhi Gandaki. At Lauri, we will cross the river on a suspension bridge, and then get ready to go up on a high pathway to the grassland of Jagat (1410m).
Trekking time: 6 hrs
Height: 1410 m
Overnight: Teahouse
 
Day 05 : Trek to Philim (1519m) 4 hrs
On this day we will cross the West bank of the Budhi Gandaki and go up a fold following the River smoothly uphill to the village of Sirdibas. Moving down to Sirdibas we will meet an additional suspension bridge which leads to the East bank that gives an exhausting ascend up to Philim. Philim (1519m) is a flourishing Gurung village, the Chholing Sandu Gompa which is bounded by the grassland of maize and millet. Overnight stay in a local tea house
Trekking time: 4 hrs
Height: 1519m
Overnight: Teahouse
 
Day 06. Philim- Chumling 
Cross the top of stunning gorge and enter the mainly unoccupied area of pine trees previous to the drop of a trial junction at new bridge where we turn to Tsum valley and climb through pine and rhododendron forest to Lokpa. It’s the first village as we enter the valley, surrounded by barley fields. From here the trial steep ascend and descend down to siyar khola and climbs again to Chumling village. Explore the old monasteries around the village. 
Trekking time: 6-7 hrs
Height: 2363m
Day 07. Chumling- Chhokang paro
Its an easy day today. We pass through fields and Tibetan houses. To the east and south you have great view over Ganesh himal range. We follow the valley upward and arrive at joint village of Chhokang and Paro. We explore the village and monastery.
Trekking time: 5 hrs
Height: 3010m
Day 08. Chhokang paro- Nile
Passing small villages on the way we climb over a ridge to Lama gaon over looking Rachen Gompa which we will visit on the way back. We cross the river and pass through hamlet of Phurba and Pangdun and reach the large village of Chule and after half an hour walk arrive at the village of Nile.
Trekking time: 4 hrs
Height: 3361m
Day 09. Nile- Mu Gompa
We climb through the valley and pasture field to Mu Gumpa which is the largest monastery of the area. We visit the monastery and have chat with monks who are studying Tibetan and learning prayers and ritual in the monastery and spend their time in life long retreat. We could also explore Dhephyundoma monastery going further west which is situated at the hight of 4000m
Trekking time:3 hrs
Height: 3700m
Day 10.  Explore the surrounding
Enjoy Mu Gompa or you could process for a day hike further to Kalung which is a big terraces valley and beautiful view of Ganesh himal range and Tsum valley could be seen.
Day 11. Mu Gompa- Rechen Gompa
We retrace our way back and follow the east bank of the river to Rechen gompa. This Rechen Nunnery was founded in 1936 and now a home for around 80 nuns who are dedicating their whole life for spiritual practice.
Trekking time: 3 hrs
Height: 3240m
Day 12. Rechen Gompa- Chumling
We retrace our way back through traditional village to Chumling.
Trekking time: 5-6 hrs
Height: 2363m
Day 13. Chumling- Philim
Continue retracing the way through forest, village and river to Philim.
Trekking: 6 hrs
Height: 1519m
Day 14. Philim- Tatopani
We follow the budhi gandaki river down hill and arrive at tatopani where you could ejoy the natural hot spring and relax your tired leg and body.
Trekking time:  6 hrs
Height: 990 m
Day 15. Tatopani- Soti Khola
We continue following the river and go through forest with up hill and down hill talk to the village of Soti khola.
Trekking time: 6 hrs
Height:880m
Day 16. Soti Khola- Arughat 
Following the jeep track passing small villages and terriace field we arrive to Arughat
Trekking time: 6 hrs
Height: 525 m
Day 17. Arughat drive to Kathmandu
 Seven hour of drive passing by some beautiful landscapes, rivers and river valleys takes us back to Kathmandu.

Day 01 : Drive to Arughat (525m) 7 hrs

We start the journey with 7 hours bus drive to Arughat from Kathmandu. We pass by some beautiful landscapes, rivers and river valleys. Overnight stay in a local tea house

Height: 525m

Driving time: 7 hrs


Day 02 : Trek to Soti khola (700m) 5 hrs 

The first day of the trekking leads us to Soti khola (700m). It takes about 5 hours from Arughat following the jeep track through lots of small villages and fields

Trekking time: 7 hrs

Height: 880m


Day 03 : Trek to Machhakhola (890m) 6 hrs

The first part of the day begins with uphill walk through deep forest then we will encounter several ascends and descends and then we will climb the paddies just prior to the beautiful Gurung village. Away from the valley, the trail goes down onto the banks of river to the village of Machhakhola (Fish River) just above the river which offers the good views of Ganesh Himal (7,000m). Overnight stay in a local tea house

Trekking time: 6 hrs

Height: 890m


Day 04 : Trek to Jagat (1410m)- 6-7hrs

Following the forest path which is small and segmented, we arrive at tatopani (meaning hot water),  you pass by the natural hot water and reach to Dobhan. It is an advantage to experience the rapids of Budhi Gandaki. At Lauri, we will cross the river on a suspension bridge, and then get ready to go up on a high pathway to the grassland of Jagat (1410m).

Trekking time: 6 hrs

Height: 1410 m

 

Day 05 : Trek to Philim (1519m) 4 hrs

On this day we will cross the West bank of the Budhi Gandaki and go up a fold following the River smoothly uphill to the village of Sirdibas. Moving down to Sirdibas we will meet an additional suspension bridge which leads to the East bank that gives an exhausting ascend up to Philim. Philim (1519m) is a flourishing Gurung village, the Chholing Sandu Gompa which is bounded by the grassland of maize and millet. Overnight stay in a local tea house

Trekking time: 4 hrs

Height: 1519m


Day 06: Philim- Chumling 

Cross the top of stunning gorge and enter the mainly unoccupied area of pine trees previous to the drop of a trial junction at new bridge where we turn to Tsum valley and climb through pine and rhododendron forest to Lokpa. It’s the first village as we enter the valley, surrounded by barley fields. From here the trial steep ascend and descend down to siyar khola and climbs again to Chumling village. Explore the old monasteries around the village. 

Trekking time: 6-7 hrs

Height: 2363m


Day 07: Chumling- Chhokang paro

Its an easy day today. We pass through fields and Tibetan houses. To the east and south you have great view over Ganesh himal range. We follow the valley upward and arrive at joint village of Chhokang and Paro. We explore the village and monastery.

Trekking time: 5 hrs

Height: 3010m


Day 08; Chhokang paro- Nile

Passing small villages on the way we climb over a ridge to Lama gaon over looking Rachen Gompa which we will visit on the way back. We cross the river and pass through hamlet of Phurba and Pangdun and reach the large village of Chule and after half an hour walk arrive at the village of Nile.

Trekking time: 4 hrs

Height: 3361m


Day 09: Nile- Mu Gompa

We climb through the valley and pasture field to Mu Gumpa which is the largest monastery of the area. We visit the monastery and have chat with monks who are studying Tibetan and learning prayers and ritual in the monastery and spend their time in life long retreat. We could also explore Dhephyundoma monastery going further west which is situated at the hight of 4000m

Trekking time:3 hrs

Height: 3700m


Day 10:  Explore the surrounding

Enjoy Mu Gompa or you could process for a day hike further to Kalung which is a big terraces valley and beautiful view of Ganesh himal range and Tsum valley could be seen.


Day 11: Mu Gompa- Rechen Gompa

We retrace our way back and follow the east bank of the river to Rechen gompa. This Rechen Nunnery was founded in 1936 and now a home for around 80 nuns who are dedicating their whole life for spiritual practice.

Trekking time: 3 hrs

Height: 3240m


Day 12: Rechen Gompa- Chumling

We retrace our way back through traditional village to Chumling.

Trekking time: 5-6 hrs

Height: 2363m


Day 13: Chumling- Philim

Continue retracing the way through forest, village and river to Philim.

Trekking: 6 hrs

Height: 1519m


Day 14: Philim- Tatopani

We follow the budhi gandaki river down hill and arrive at tatopani where you could ejoy the natural hot spring and relax your tired leg and body.

Trekking time:  6 hrs

Height: 990m


Day 15: Tatopani- Soti Khola

We continue following the river and go through forest with up hill and down hill talk to the village of Soti khola.

Trekking time: 6 hrs

Height :880m


Day 16: Soti Khola- Arughat 

Following the jeep track passing small villages and terriace field we arrive to Arughat

Trekking time: 6 hrs

Height: 525 m


Day 17: Arughat drive to Kathmandu

Seven hour of drive passing by some beautiful landscapes, rivers and river valleys takes us back to Kathmandu.

 

Every effort will be made to keep to the above itinerary, but as this is Adventure Travel in a remote mountain region, we cannot guarantee it. Weather conditions, road conditions, vehicle breakdowns and the health of fellow travellers can all contribute to changes. We will try to ensure that the trip runs according to plan, but an easy going nature will be an asset!

Visa for Nepal

All nationalities except Indians require a visa for Nepal which could be obtain from Embassies abroad or on arrival at Tribhuwan international airport in Kathmandu.

You need to have one passport Photo and following fees in US dollars to obtain the visa on arrival.

1. USD 25 for Tourist visa with Multiple Entries for 15 days.

2. USD 40 for Tourist visa with Multiple Entries for 30 days.

3. USD 100 for Tourist visa with Multiple Entries for 90 days.

4. USD 2 per day for visa extensions.


Please Note:
The visa regulations and fees for visa changes frequently so it is advisable to check the current rules with your nearest Nepalese Embassy or Consulate. 


Introduction:

Nepal has the widest altitude range of any country on the earth. Each altitude has its own weather, from tropical heat to Arctic cold. In the main trekking seasons in the spring and autumn, the weather is generally stable and even the high passes may be free of snow and relatively easy to traverse at times. You are heading into the worlds highest mountain range. Be prepared for changes of temperature and weather!

Where ever you choose to trek in the Himalayas there are always uphill and downhill walk as a part of journey to greet you.  Forget all the hard work which need to be done; just imagine what nature will offer you up in the high Himalayas.


What to bring:

As you are going into the high Himalayas and the weather is subjected to change anytime so warm cloths are recommended all year round.  You could leave all the unnecessary items at your hotel or contact us to be storage. Just pack all your trekking gears in one bag which will be carried by our carrier and make a small day bag for yourself to carry the things which you might need during the day and for your valuable belongings.


Please check the checklist carefully for details of what you need to bring on the trek:


Check list:


BODY WEAR

  • Loose comfortable T-Shirts
  • Long sleeved shirts for sun protection
  • Trousers
  • A warm jacket and a fleece pullover
  • A thermal layer (shirt and pants)
  • Water and wind proof jacket
  • Water and wind proof trousers
  • Woolen or thermal gloves
  • Sun hat and sun glasses
  • Woolen or fleece hat
  • Scarf     

 
FOOT WEAR

  •  Warm woolen socks
  • Comfortable and warm trekking boots
  • Gaiters ( if snows)


ACCESSORIES

  • A comfortable day pack with adjustable waist and shoulder straps
  • Personal toiletries - shampoo, soap, shavers, moisturizer, and travel towel etc
  • Sun block and lip balm
  • Personal first aid kit and any personal medications you need to take
  • Camera, music and books
  • Rucksack for your cloths and other accessories
  • An airtight ‘dry bag’ is great for storing your dirty laundry!
  • Sleeping Bag, Down jackets
  • Sleeping bag liner – either silk, cotton or fleece
  • WATER BOTTLES - please be able to carry 2 liters of water and have bottles that can handle `      boiling/hot water
  • HEAD TORCH!
  • Batteries for camera, torch etc..
  • A big smile for all and your sense of humor and adventure!
  • Walking sticks (if needed)


Note:
These days most of these items can be purchased in Kathmandu. There are now several leading brand stores selling their own equipment and there are many stores selling cheap imitations and some well established local stores selling under their own labels. Ask us if you’d like some advice about where to go to get any gear. If you need to do any shopping for gear, please let us know with enough time to do this before leaving for trek!


INSURANCE

All tour participants should obtain their own personal insurance which covers medical and emergency evacuation at a minimum. Helicopter evacuation is provided in emergency cases but please make sure that you insurance cover the cost of the evacuation. You will of course also want cover for loss or damage to personal effects, flight or trip cancellation etc.


THE TRAILS

Trekking trails vary from wide, rode-like avenues to narrow, slippery paths built out over enormous drops. In many places, a fall from the trail would be fatal. One must pay attention at all times to where you are placing your feet. Be especially careful not to move while looking through the view finder of your camera!


ALTITUDE AND PREVENTING ALTITUDE SICKNESS

Being in a hurry in the mountains can be deadly. Acclimatization is the word used to describe the adjustments your body makes as it ascends to higher altitudes.

Ascending slowly, with appropriate rest days and drinking plenty of water is one of the best ways not to get Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS).

You should not plan to go to high altitude if you have heart disease, difficulty breathing at sea level or are pregnant. You should consult your doctor about any known medical conditions if you are considering trekking in high altitude (over 2500m).

Avoid sleeping pills, alcohol and smoking while at altitude as they tend to decrease breathing and lead to AMS. Data indicates that drinking 3-4 liters of fluids (water, soup etc) per day to avoid dehydration helps in the acclimatization process. Never try to attempt to go higher up if you have altitude sickness, stay either in the same elevation or if got worse trek to the lower elevation.

The first aid kit carried by your guide includes Diamox and he/she is trained in the identification of AMS symptoms and their treatment. You MUST take their advice.

You will be given a comprehensive briefing about what to expect and what to do to avoid AMS before embarking on your trek.


TIPPING AND CASH REQUIREMENTS

Do not forget to bring some Nepalese rupees for drinks or snacks that you might purchase on the way. You will be surprised by what is available on the popular trekking routes now! The amount to carry on the trekking routes depends on the area you are going to trek in, so please ask your guide for advice.

Tipping is now common in Nepal but there is no strict rules about how much the tip should be. You could tip if you are satisfied with the service.


CONSIDERING THE ENVIRONMENT

While trekking you have to be careful not to destroy the very environment you are enjoying so much. It is not only for your enjoyment, people and wildlife rely on this environment for their drinking water and food supply and many places are of enormous religious significance to local people.

There are many ways you can help to conserve the environment of the area in which you trek. Here are some simple tips:

- Pick up any litter along the trail

- Burn all your toilet paper and bury your faeces when not in camp, make sure you go at least 50m away from any water  Source

- In camp, when using a toilet tent, you may deposit paper in the hole, but ensure the hole is at least 30cm deep and make sure it is at least 50m away from any water source

- Do not make campfire, nor consume food cooked on wood fires; your crew uses kerosene stoves to help conserve the local forests

- Drink boiled/treated water instead of mineral water as the plastic is not recycled

- Stick to the trails to prevent erosion and damage to fragile alpine flora

- Ensure all rubbish is packed out (or burnt/buried if appropriate)