INFORMATION ABOUT TIBET
‘Shangri La’, ‘the Rooftop of the World’ – locked away in its Himalayan fortress, Tibet has long exercised a siren’s hold on the imagination of the West. Tibet is the highest region on Earth with an average elevation of 4900 meters and a traditional homeland of Tibetan people. Religion is extremely important to the Tibetans and has a strong influence over all aspects of their lives.
Bön is the ancient religion of Tibet, but has been almost eclipsed by Tibetan Buddhism, a distinctive form of Mahayana and Vajrayana. The atmosphere is severely dry nine months of the year. Low temperatures are common throughout the regions, where wind sweeps unchecked across vast expanses of arid plain. Summer in Tibet is mild and besides a few rainy days, quite pleasant and winter the temperature plunge below -10 C. The economy of Tibet is dominated by subsistence agriculture, though tourism has become a growing industry in recent decades.
Due to limited arable land, the primary occupation of the Tibetan Plateau is raising livestock and the main crops grown are barley, wheat, buckwheat, potatoes. Tibet has been called the "Water Tower" of Asia. The Indus and Brahmaputra rivers originate from a lake Tso Mapham in Western Tibet, near Mount Kailash. The mountain is a holy pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Tibetans. The Hindus consider the mountain to be the abode of Lord Shiva.
Lhasa is Tibet's traditional capital and the capital of Tibet Autonomous Region. It contains two world heritage sites – the Potala Palace and Norbulingka, which were the residences of the Dalai Lama. Visitors on vacation to ethnic Tibet can discover Buddhist monasteries and pilgrimage sites, as well as trekking routes through some of the most stunning mountain scenery in the world. In addition there is Mt.Kailash the most sacred place in Asia. Tibetans are used to hardship and they have managed to keep their culture and humour alive. The roof of the world is an unforgettable land of curious nomads, mysterious gompas and vast breath-taking panoramas.